Plumbing fittings are pieces of plumbing equipment that connect pipes together. There are many different types of plumbing fittings available. Some are used to connect hoses to pipes. These include barbs and nipples. A barb is a curved tube, while a nipple is a short piece of pipe that has a ridged, tapered cone. A nipple may be made of copper, brass, or CPVC, and is used to connect two pipe fittings.
Another type of pipe fitting is a reducer, which is used to reduce the diameter of a pipe. It may also be referred to as a valve or fitting because it changes the pipe’s size. This may be done to accommodate the hydraulic flow requirements of the system or to connect with existing piping. Usually, the reduction length is the average of the pipe’s larger and smaller diameters. Some reducers are shaped like a T or are angled. These types of plumbing fittings allow water to flow more gently.
Another type of plumbing fitting is the wye, which is shaped like a letter “Y” and is used to join three pipes together. It also helps pipes to branch out into new lines and reduces friction in the fluid. A wye fitting can also be used to join a drain pipe to a horizontal pipe. A wye also serves the purpose of closing off pipe openings during checks.
Plumbing fittings are made of various materials, including brass, plastic, and plastic. Some types are made to be leak-proof and may require some mechanical support. However, they do require more labor and can’t be used in the most inaccessible locations. In addition, soldered joints are more secure than those made with compression.
When choosing a plumbing fitting, it’s important to choose the right one. Pipes that are too long can’t fit tightly. When choosing a plumbing fitting, use a marking tool to mark the end of the pipe. The pipe should extend around an inch from the fitting end. For copper pipes, the pipe must be reaming and deburred before it can be inserted.
An elbow is another type of plumbing fitting that redirects the flow of water. These fittings come in various degrees and can be 90 degrees, 60 degrees, or 45 degrees. Depending on the piping diameter, you can choose a reducing or increasing elbow. Various types of elbows are available for all types of plumbing.
A pipe with a threaded connection is known as a threaded pipe. This type of plumbing fitting uses four elements: the pipe, the coupling housing, and the pipe and gasket. The pipe and gasket are connected by a gasket, which is wrapped around the two pipe ends. The coupling housing then engages the grooves on the pipe and creates a leakproof, self-restrained pipe joint.
Plumbing fittings are also known as tubing. PEX is made from polyethylene, which is a strong material that can withstand extreme temperatures and resist corrosion. PEX is also cheaper than copper and doesn’t corrode in water with acidic content. Plumbing fittings come in different shapes, sizes, and functions. Some types of fittings include 90deg and 45deg elbows, offsets, and T-joints.